Thursday, June 4, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Adulthood Why are high school students not considered to be adults? By definition an adult is Ã¢â¬Å"a person who has attained the age of majority. The age of majority is the legally defined age at which a person is considered an adult, with all the attendant rights and responsibilities of adulthoodÃ¢â¬ (Adult Law). Eighteen is the legal age to be considered an adult. Being an adult at the age of eighteen is defined in many different ways. According to the law eighteen is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"It is the age at which one becomes a legal adult and gains full legal rights. It is also the age at which a person is liable for their own actions, such as contractual obligations or liability for negligence. In general, a parental duty of support to a child ceases when the child reaches the age of majorityÃ¢â¬ (Adult Law). Seniors in high school are of the age of eighteen, if not, getting ready to turn eighteen. Schools are expecting them to go out into the real world shortly following their senior y ear, but yet do not let students make their own decisions like they are adults. Students need more responsibilities so they know how it feels to have to be the adult in the real world. Students over the age of eighteen in Indiana should be treated as adults because they are legally considered to be adults. Technology is advancing every day. Ã¢â¬Å"More than 203 million people in the United States use cell phonesÃ¢â¬ (Castle), but schools expect students not to use it. Cell phones play a huge role in high schoolShow MoreRelatedWe Can Fight in a War, but Cant Have a Drink?877 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPeople have always told me that high school and college would be the best times of my life. Not only do young adults get to venture off from home on their own during college, but they finally get to make their own decisions without having to wait for the approval from a parent. Yes, high school was very fun, but for some reason it just canÃ¢â¬â¢t be compared to college life. What else could possibly be the blame for this other than the parties? College parties are very outgoing, but they also create aRead MoreThe American Public Education System Essay1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe same old routine? Too much pressure is being put on high school students; some students do not even know how t o cope with it. The way that the American public education system has planned to make these individuals succeed is really not how it should be. Students are being taught information that will not be as useful once they become adults. Students should be able to receive the knowledge they need in order to succeed in life. Students need an opportunity to be open-minded. There are many differentRead MoreFree College Education Persuasive Speech1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto point out why college should be free. I will persuade my audience that my solution of the free college education will work. Thesis Ã¢â¬â College education is considered one of the most important factors for the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s economic growth, therefore free college education is a necessity. IntroductionÃ I. Attention Getter: More Americans are getting their high school diplomas but fewer are enrolling in college. II. Common Ground: Getting into college is a dream of almost every high school graduate, butRead MoreMy High School Is A Safe Environment1611 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI come from a school where the guys wear bowties and khakis and the girls dress up in a nice dress or skirt more often than not. There are more parent volunteers than imaginable and practically the whole town comes out to support the football team on Friday nights. I have lived a sheltered life so farÃ¢â¬ ¦ my parents are still together, no major deaths in the family, and if someone mentions drugs or teen pregnancy, IÃ¢â¬â¢m a deer in headlights. While I have lived a life that I consider to be pretty greatRead MoreHigh School Vs. College1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHigh School Versus College Schools are undoubtedly important to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s education. The most important of those schools are high schools and colleges because they have the most impact on deciding what occupation a student wants to pursue. Although high schools and colleges share similarities in providing education, there are also many differences between each other. In both high schools and colleges there are teachers that educate students on certain subjects. Those subjects can range from mathematicsRead MoreThe Importance Of A Physical Education Teacher1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageseducation took place from the 1890s to the 1930s. This era brought about dramatic expansions in the number of schools in the U.S. By 1940, nearly half of young adults were earning a high school diploma (Costrel). One specific type of teacher in a physical education teacher. A physical education teacher holds a big responsibility within the school. They are in charge of keeping the students healthy. P.E. teachers have to have exercise and fun blended into one class. A physical education teacher isRead MoreHigh Levels Of Stress Among Teens1251 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessuicide. But the question still stands: why? The answer lies in the fact adolescents are experiencing high levels of stress due to high school and the associated pressures and therefore are demonstrating damag ing symptoms as an effect. Many of these experts appeared in a survey conducted by the American Psychological Association. This published survey concluded that Ã¢â¬Å"during the school year, teens say their stress level is higher than levels reported by adults. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] Teens report that their stress [Ã¢â¬ ¦]Read MoreAlternative Education For High School Dropouts1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlternative Education for High School Dropouts Allison V. Alvizuri University of La VerneAbstract This study examined high school dropouts and what the long term consequences, major factors, and characteristics of a student who drops out are.The findings suggest that a school counselor plays an integral role in keeping students in school or finding an alternative choice to finish their education. Effective school program such as Opportunities for Learning Public Charter Schools has been identified asRead More Ã¢â¬Å"Let Teenagers Try AdulthoodÃ¢â¬ 865 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe day of the Littleton high school shooting also referred as the Columbine High School Massacre. When the flashing new lines of (CNN News, 1999) stated that 25 people were killed at the High School by two heavily armed male students that also took their own lives; it was shocking and very disturbing news to learn that something so horrible caused this students to kill their own peers. What was the reason that drove these students to kill? Was the students bullying these boysRead MoreEssay about What Does It Mean to be an Adult?1151 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages There are many factors that constitute being an adult. An adult is much more than turning the age of 18. The definition in the dictionary states an adult means being completely grown: fully developed and mature. I think there is much more that defines an adult. In the United States an adult is considered to be someone who takes responsibility of themselves and their actions. An adult has stability in their life and is able to take care of themselves physically, mentally, financially and emotionally
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental. Answer: Introduction With definition to psychology, every human mind or individual has two sides of the personality. Sometimes under circumstances of strain, the shadow side of the human mind forces the individual to exhibit and initiate a certain pattern to respond against certain situations giving rise to a feeling of threat or anxiety (Charney et al., 2013). This essay deals with an example of a film character undergoing a series of disorders (anxiety) and explains about the etymology of the disorder with relevance to the respective model and classification. This essay further entails about the treatment that can be used to treat these kinds of disorders with contrast to the best treatment for this disorder. The purpose of this essay is to analyze and understand about the anxiety disorders along with its etymology and treatment with contrast to the film character portraying the disorder in this essay. This also helps in analyzing and relating the different aspects along with the behavioral criterion to classify this disorder with both reality and fantastical culture. Situational analysis As per the topic, the character upon which the analysis has been done is Bill Murrays portrayal of a psychologically challenged individual in a film named What about Bob?. In this movie Bob (Bill Murray) is a patient of a psychiatrist named Dr. Leo Marvin (Played by Richard Dreyfuss). In this film, another colleague who was fed up, treating Bob has referred Bob to Dr Marvin. This movie portrays Bob as a complete collection of anxiety disorders (phobias) or in other words, he is an individual with multiple anxiety disorders such as agoraphobia (fear of being in places with difficult exit), nosemaphobia (fear of illness), spermaphobia (fear of germs), hydrophobia (fear of water), achluophobia (fear of darkness) and tonitrophobia (fear of thunderstorms). Not just these bob has fear of elevators, fear of height along with dependency disorder, multiple personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Ollendick, King Yule, 2013). Etymology and symptoms of anxiety disorder As per the topic, the character in the movie portrays a various kind of phobia or anxiety disorders. In other words, the character undergoes severe anxiety or panic attacks due to certain situations that effectively triggers the behavior and reaction like trauma and tends to stay in a state of panic and anxiety at all times (Charney et al., 2013). According to the etymology, anxiety disorder is a group of mental disorder that is characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear regarding some uncertain events that may or may not occur in the future. This may be accompanied by symptoms such as increased heart beating, shakiness, numbness, dryness in the throat, fear, perspiration, breathlessness and avoidance (Willgoss Yohannes, 2013). In simple words, anxiety disorder or phobia is a kind of behavioral disorder, where an individual faces two or more phobias at the same time (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). However, it can be justified that anxiety disorders are accompanied by or follows a chain of disorders such as schizophrenia, avoidant personality disorder and depression (McCance Huether, 2015). As depicted in the movie, Bob faces anxiety disorder, which in turn is teamed with obsessive-compulsive disorder and avoidant personality disorder (Iverach Rapee, 2014). Therefore, the theory about anxiety disorder has been justified and correctly portrayed in the film. Nonetheless, the demonstration of the symptoms as explained in theories has been rightly illustrated in the film, with clear exhibition of tension, avoidance and feelings of threat. Therefore, with comparison to the literary context, Bob clearly meets the Diagnostics and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)V criteria for multiple specific phobias, which is common and it can be added that phobia tend to be formal revolving around emotional or painful events, though no insight has been provided regarding Bobs past life (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Best treatment approach with contrast to the film Based on the theories of treating this disorder, it can be proposed that anxiety disorders are the most easy and treatable form of disorders, than the other psychological disorders, as classified under DSM V (McCance Huether, 2015). In other words, the treatment is highly effective and more likely to produce positive outcomes or reduction in the symptoms. Based on the theories and research works, it can be considered that Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective treatment for treating such conditions (Wells, 2013). However, other treatment methods tend to be ineffective for the same. Some of the other approaches are effective such as supportive psychotherapy and psychodynamic or psychoanalytic therapies, nonetheless, the results are unpredictable. Effective use of medications containing beta-blockers like Propranol (please note that these medications should be taken under physicians instructions only) can help reduce the reception of catecholamine, thus strengthening emotional or fearful memories (Steenen et al., 2016). However, it can be analyzed that Bobs behavior are presented as general anxiety disorder and depression with OCD focusing on the contamination and the safety. Nonetheless, the problems are not represented to be potentially physical with no relevance to glucocortcoids, serotonin or dopamine but his unrealistic choice of not acting and baseless fear (Willgoss Yohannes, 2013). In addition, the film portrays a fictional best seller, which is a book of treating anxiety disorder with no professional help but self-help by taking Baby Steps or one by one step to move away from the fear. With contrast to reality, this is predominantly conditional and depends on the patient undergoing the crisis. It can further be added, that Dr. Marvin uses a simplified model of cognitive behavior therapy, which in turn proved beneficial in the treatment as well as used as one of the best methods of treating the disorder, in the realistic situation (Christophersen Vanscoyoc, 2013). This method in reality is only helpful in treating children but effective in treating adults as well. The film exhibits some exposure therapy, which was consistently ineffective for reducing the fear (Rodrigues et al., 2014). Thus, it can be concluded that helplessness and glucocorticoid levels cannot be altered easily, whereas the mere proclivities can be changed under circumstances. It can also be contrasted that in the first scene of the movie, refusing to treat the patient, by the first psychiatrist before coming to Dr. Leo Marvin can be classified as one unprofessional move in practicing psychiatry, which is in turn holds no connection with reality. Conclusion (Personal Judgment) With help of this essay, it can be concluded that the film contain some faintly realistic treatments such as the casual use of CBT, exposure and systematic desensitization therapy, while the character of Bob Wiley portrays a humoristic reality of the individuals undergoing anxiety attack with close relevance to the symptoms and etymology of the disorder. However, it can be concluded that even though the film is entertaining, it somewhat misrepresents the conditions portrayed by ignoring the neurological changes associated with such kind of disorders. It can further be added that the defeat of Leo Marvin as a doctor and emerging of Bob Wiley as a winner is considerable uplifting yet a demoralizing of the practice and treatment. References American Psychiatric Association. (2013).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Pub. Charney, D. S., Buxbaum, J. D., Sklar, P., Nestler, E. J. (Eds.). (2013).Neurobiology of mental illness. Oxford University Press. Christophersen, E. R., Vanscoyoc, S. M. (2013).Treatments that work with children: Empirically supported strategies for managing childhood problems. American Psychological Association. Iverach, L., Rapee, R. M. (2014). Social anxiety disorder and stuttering: Current status and future directions.Journal of fluency disorders,40, 69-82. McCance, K. L., Huether, S. E. (2015).Pathophysiology-E-Book: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children. Elsevier Health Sciences. Ollendick, T. H., King, N. J., Yule, W. (Eds.). (2013).International handbook of phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Springer Science Business Media. Rodrigues, H., Figueira, I., Lopes, A., Gonalves, R., Mendlowicz, M. V., Coutinho, E. S. F., Ventura, P. (2014). Does D-cycloserine enhance exposure therapy for anxiety disorders in humans? A meta-analysis.PloS one,9(7), e93519. Steenen, S. A., van Wijk, A. J., Van Der Heijden, G. J., van Westrhenen, R., de Lange, J., de Jongh, A. (2016). Propranolol for the treatment of anxiety disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis.Journal of Psychopharmacology,30(2), 128-139. Wells, A. (2013).Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: A practice manual and conceptual guide. John Wiley Sons. Willgoss, T. G., Yohannes, A. M. (2013). Anxiety disorders in patients with COPD: a systematic review.Respiratory care,58(5), 858-866.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Solutions: Income Statement and Pearson Education Paper As the manager of an phone applications developer, you will make three types of financial decisions. i. You Will make investment decisions such as determining which type of phone application projects will offer your company a positive NAP and therefore your company should develop. Ii. YOLK Will make the decision on how to fund your phone application investments and what mix of debt and equity your company will have. Iii. You will be responsible for the cash management of your company, ensuring that your company has the necessary funds to make investments, pay interest on loans, and pay your employees. Corporate managers favor for the owners of the corporation, Consequently, they should make decisions that are in the interests of the owners, rather than their own. What strategies are available to shareholders to help ensure that managers are motivated to act this way? Shareholders can do the tooling. i. Ensure that employees are paid with coronary stock and/or stock options. Ii, Ensure that underperforming managers are fired. Iii. Write contracts that ensure that the interests of the managers and shareholders are closely aligned, iv. Mount hostile takeovers. 1-10. Suppose you are considering renting an apartment. You, the renter, can be viewed as an agent while the company that owns the apartment can be viewed as the principal. What principalities conflicts do you anticipate? Suppose, instead, that you favor for the apartment company. What features would you put into the lease agreement that would give the renter incentives to take good care of the apartment? The agent (renter) will not take the same care of the apartment as the principal (owner), because the renter does not share in the costs of fixing damage to the apartment. We will write a custom essay sample on Solutions: Income Statement and Pearson Education specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Solutions: Income Statement and Pearson Education specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Solutions: Income Statement and Pearson Education specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer To mitigate this problem, having the renter pay a deposit should motivate the renter to keep damages to a minimum. The deposit forces the renter to share in the costs of fixing any problems that are caused by the renter. You are the CEO of a company and you are considering entering into an agreement to have your company buy another company, You think the price might be too high, but you will be the CEO of the combined, much larger company, You know that when the company gets bigger, your pay and prestige will increase. What is the nature tooth agency conflict here and how is it related to ethical considerations? There is an ethical dilemma when the CEO of a firm has opposite incentives to those of the shareholders. In this case, o (as the CEO) have an incentive to potentially overpay for another company (which would be damaging to your shareholders) because your pay and prestige will improve. Are hostile takeovers necessarily bad for firms or their investors? Explain. No. They are a way to discipline managers who are not working in the interests of shareholders. What is the difference between a public and private corporation? The shares of a public corporation are traded on an exchange (or over the counter in an electronic trading system) while the shares Of a private corporation are not traded on a public exchange. Explain why the bid-ask spread s a transaction cost. Investors always buy at the ask and sell at the bid. Since ask prices always exceed bid prices, investors lose this difference. It is one of the costs Of transacting. Since the market makers take the Other side Of the trade, they make this difference. -12. 1-13. -14. 02011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Beer/Demeanor ; Corporate Finance, Second Edition I-IS. The following quote on Yahoo! Stock appeared on February 11, 2009, on Yahoo! Finance: If you wanted to buy Yahoo, what price would you pay? How much would you receive if you wanted to sell Yahoo!? You would buy at $12. 54 and sell for $12. 53. 02011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Ch apter 2 Introduction to Financial Statement Analysis 2-1. What four financial statements can be found in a firms 10-K filing? What checks are there on the accuracy of these statements? In a firms 10-K filing, four financial statements can be found: the balance sheet, the income statement, the statement of cash flows, and the statement of stockholders equity. Financial statements in form ASK are required to be audited by a neutral third party, who checks and ensures that the financial statements are prepared according to GAP and that the information contained is reliable. 2-2. Who reads financial statements? List at least three different categories of people, For each category, provide an example tooth type to information they might be interested in and discuss why. Users of financial statements include present and potential investors, financial analysts, and other interested outside parties (such as lenders, suppliers and other trade creditors, and customers). V-uncial managers within the firm also use the financial statements when making financial decisions, Investors, Investors are concerned with the risk inherent in ND return provided by their investments. Bondholders use the firms financial statements to assess the ability of the company to make its debt Stockholders use the statements to assess the firms profitability and ability to make future dividend payments. Financial analysts. Financial analysts gather financial information, analyze it, and make recommendations. They read financial statements to determine a firms value and project future earnings, so that they can provide guidance to businesses and individuals to help them With their investment decisions. Managers. Managers use financial statement o look at trends in their own business, and to compare their own results with that of competitors. 23. Find the most recent financial statements for Cutbacks corporation (SUBS) using the following sources: a. From the companys Web site www. V. Trucks. Com (Hint : Search for investor relations. ) b. From the SEC Web site femmes. Gob. (Hint : Search for company filings in the EDGAR database. ) c. From the Yahoo! Finance Web site http://financially. Com. D. From at least one other source. (Hint : Enter SUBS ASK at mow. Google. Com. ) Each method will help find the same SEC filings. Yahoo! Finance also provides some analysis such as harts and key statistics. Beer/Demeanor ; Corporate Finance, Second Edition 24 Consider the following potential events that might have occurred to Global Conglomerate on December 30, 2009. For each one, indicate which line items in Globally balance sheet would be affected and by how much. Also indicate the change to Globally book value of equity. A. C. Global used $20 million of its available cash to repay $20 million Of its long-term debt Global used AS million in cash and $5 million in new long-term debt to purchase a $10 million building. B. A warehouse fire destroyed $5 million worth Of uninsured inventory. . A large customer owing 53 million for products it already received declared bankruptcy, leaving no possibility that Global would ever receive payment. E. . A. B. C. Globally engineers discover a new manufacturing process that will cut the cost of its flagship product by over 50%, A key competitor announces a radical new pricing policy that will drastically undercut Globally prices. Long- term liabilities would decrease by $20 million, and cash would decrease by the same amount. The book value of equity would be unchanged. Inventory would decrease by million, a s would the book value of equity. Long-term assets old increase by $10 million, cash would decrease by $5 million, and longer liabilities would increase by AS million.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Grief is a natural and necessary process experienced by all people, to one degree or another, after the occurrence of a loss. Significant losses, such as the death of someone close to you, the breakup up of a close relationship/friendship, or the loss of hopes and dreams, are some of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s most stressful occurrences. Grieving is an adaptive response to loss. It is not a weakness, but an experience which requires time, patience, and hard work.Grieving is a process unique to each individual. Different people (even members of the same family) experience their grief in different ways.Grief may be complicated by prior experiences of loss, traumatic events surrounding the loss (e.g. suicide), a history of difficult relationships, or other social or personal factors (e.g. lack of social support). It can be especially helpful to seek assistance when a grieving process is complicated by other factors or events. For most people, the intense emotional pain of grief subsides. Eventually, energy is refocused on the future. However, if your grief response does not gradually lessen in intensity or, over time, continues to interfere with your academic, social or occupational functioning, then you may benefit from receiving assistance. Many individuals report experiencing a period of numbness or shock immediately following a significant loss. This may occur whether the loss was anticipated (as in the case of a friend dying of a terminal illness), or was unexpected (as in the case of one partner suddenly announcing the dissolution of a relationship). Following this period of shock, people may experience a time of intense emotional upheaval, during which the full impact of the loss may be experienced. Here, your emotions may be overwhelming or frightening. They may temporarily interfere with your academic, social, or family life. The severity and duration of a grief reaction will vary from person to person.... Free Essays on Grieving Free Essays on Grieving Grief is a natural and necessary process experienced by all people, to one degree or another, after the occurrence of a loss. Significant losses, such as the death of someone close to you, the breakup up of a close relationship/friendship, or the loss of hopes and dreams, are some of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s most stressful occurrences. Grieving is an adaptive response to loss. It is not a weakness, but an experience which requires time, patience, and hard work.Grieving is a process unique to each individual. Different people (even members of the same family) experience their grief in different ways.Grief may be complicated by prior experiences of loss, traumatic events surrounding the loss (e.g. suicide), a history of difficult relationships, or other social or personal factors (e.g. lack of social support). It can be especially helpful to seek assistance when a grieving process is complicated by other factors or events. For most people, the intense emotional pain of grief subsides. Eventually, energy is refocused on the future. However, if your grief response does not gradually lessen in intensity or, over time, continues to interfere with your academic, social or occupational functioning, then you may benefit from receiving assistance. Many individuals report experiencing a period of numbness or shock immediately following a significant loss. This may occur whether the loss was anticipated (as in the case of a friend dying of a terminal illness), or was unexpected (as in the case of one partner suddenly announcing the dissolution of a relationship). Following this period of shock, people may experience a time of intense emotional upheaval, during which the full impact of the loss may be experienced. Here, your emotions may be overwhelming or frightening. They may temporarily interfere with your academic, social, or family life. The severity and duration of a grief reaction will vary from person to person....
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Leaman brother - Research Paper Example ublish its financial statement so when the financial statements were released to the public, the financial statements may depict that the bank had money and was paying its debtors (Hallman 1). Once a period of seven or less days had passed and the account statements were published, the bank repurchased sold assets. Anton Valukas was assigned the duty of look into the matter of Lehman Brother and unearth the reasons for its fall down. Valukas states that the Repo 105 transaction was first reported by Mathew Lee who was an employee of Lehman. Lee started by reporting the transactions to the management of Lehman and later reported the findings to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s auditing firm, Ernst & Young and no actions were taken (Hallman 1). Once the firm could no longer indulge in Repo 105, it had to start depicting that it was highly leveraged and did not have money to pay off its debt and ultimately the bank filed for bankruptcy. Due to this several stakeholders had to experience material as well as emotional losses. The main stakeholders who were negatively impacted included the companies that had lent money to the bank, the shareholders of the bank and its employees. When the company went bankrupt there were more than 25000 employees working for them and a major percentage of them had to experience unemployment and social and psychological associated with it (Corelli 326). Furthermore, the shareholders had to lose their money since the company was not performing well and it has been recorded that due to the fall down of the company around $10 trillion funds were injected out of the equity markets (Corelli 326). It is believed but not yet proven that the CPA firm called Ernst & Young (E&Y) was involved in the financial fraud conducted by Lehman Brother. They are said to have been involved in the cover-up of this fraud. Due to these allegations against the CPA firm several civil lawsuits were filed against the firm after the collapse of Lehman Brothers. These lawsuits
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Operational Policies and Procedures for HIE - Research Paper Example Conversely, the HIE possesses a structure as well as a syntax of electronic communications that provide standard ways of conveying and delivering information. Hence, the message-based where information is given as a message as well as document-based systems that involve sending information as a structured document/forms. To mention a few of the standards are the Accredited Standard Committee X12 (ASC X12) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (Public Health Data Standards Consortium, 2015). The Health Information Exchange policies involve the lines of arguments that tend to rationalize the coursesÃ ofÃ action towards the management of Health Institutes (AHIMA, 2011). Thus, various plans have been put up by the Medicare agencies and practitioners to oversee that patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ information are safe and showing support through federal funding for the HIEs. Therefore, Medicare HIE policies can consider the access controls, accounting for disclosures, authorization procedures, as well as consumer education, data integrity and quality among other policies. Thus, under access controls, the Medicare institutions should determine those individuals that require access to the information that are shared within the HIEs as well as establishing the policies and procedures used for managing authentications and auditing. Subsequently, the HIEs should consider reviewing their business associate agreements, language and signatories in addition to their methods for managing sensitive records and patients. By doing so, they ensure access control, as well as functionality of the systems, are stable (AHIMA, 2011). Patient authorization, as well as consent, poses a challenge to most HIEs (Sewell & Thede, 2013). Therefore, it would be of significance for the HIEs to consider their accountability towards disclosures. Thus, this will tend to look into patient/customer requests pertaining their PHIs. Hence, this is achievable in